One of the most widely used working dogs in the world is the Border Collie. This intelligent, lively herding dog is renowned for its working qualities and boundless energy.
Very complicit with his master, this dog will make an excellent companion for shepherds and breeders. Easy to train, it is also one of the dogs of choice to practice agility.
Let’s discover more about this unusual sheepdog!
The Border Collie story
The Border Collie is a fairly old dog, which has always been known for its qualities as a working dog. Originally from the Borders region between Scotland and England, the Border Collie took its name from it. The name “Collie” is a reminder of its qualities as a sheepdog, as it is used for all dogs of the genus.
According to experts, the Border Collie is derived from the Gordon Setter and the English Pointer. It is believed that this breed was naturally conceived by English shepherds (without concern for selection), who all used this kind of dogs, as they were the most efficient in herding.
It would have been used more than a century in England before also reaching the French territory in the 80s. However, the Border Collie breed was not recognized until 1982.
The different types of Border Collie
There are considered to be two main types of Border Collie:
Short-haired Border Collie
Moderately long-haired Border Collie
Unlike most other breeds of dogs, all colours are allowed for the Border Collie, but there must not be a predominance of white. The coats of the Border Collie can therefore be: black, brown, sand, lilac, blue, red merle, etc.
A majority of Border Collies are black and white.
The Border Collie’s physique
The Border Collie is a medium-sized dog known for its agility and ease in herding. It is a well proportioned dog, whose elegant silhouette is underlined by a bushy, hanging tail.
This dog is a naturally elegant and athletic animal, which moves very often with feline gaits, especially when herding sheep.
The Border Collie has a fine muzzle, which emphasizes brown, hazelnut, even blue eyes, full of intelligence. It is an animal very concentrated on the glance. It has two erect or semi-erect ears.
This breed has experienced some deafness problems. It can therefore be useful to ask your canine breeder for a certificate of non deafness.
Border Collie weight: the ideal weight for a Border Collie is 25 kg.
Size of Border Collie: This dog measures approximately 53 cm.
Hair: The Border Collie’s coat is short or moderately long, thick and soft.
The character of the Border Collie
Like any working dog, the Border Collie is an energetic and willful animal that learns very quickly. He has a natural vocation to herd a flock, so much so that his nature will be able to follow him even out of a pastoral situation.
Friendly and gentle with children, the Border Collie is an animal that acts with finesse, and does not show aggressiveness. It can therefore integrate very well into a family. The Border Collie does not admit to violence and reacts very badly to it.
Very hostile to loneliness, the Border Collie needs to be surrounded. They also need intensive sports activities. This is why the ideal is still to use him as a sheepdog, which is his natural vocation.
The Border Collie is a dog that needs space. If he doesn’t do enough activities and is left in a confined space, he can quickly develop behavioural problems.
Who is the Border Collie for?
The Border Collie is primarily a working animal. Understand that this dog will quickly become bored if he doesn’t take care of a herd. The Border Collie is therefore recommended above all for shepherds and cattle breeders, as well as for people living in the countryside.
Keep in mind that if you don’t use the Border Collie as a working dog, you will have to find multiple occupations for him. It is a dynamic dog, particularly invested in dog sports.
This dog will therefore be recommended to sports masters who are willing to give him a lot of attention.
Avoid adopting a Border Collie if you live in an urban area. He may get bored and develop behavioural problems.
Going further with the Border Collie