No dog is bad from birth. It is his experiences and education that will make him potentially dangerous or not. If a dog is aggressive, it is therefore the master who must be given the moral high ground. On the other hand, some breeds are more difficult to train than others, especially because of their genetic heritage. This is the case of the so-called “attack” or “guard and defence” dogs.
- The American Staffordshire Terrier, also known as “staff”…
- The American Pitbull Terrier
- The Rottweiler
- The Tibetan Mastiff
- The Tosa Inu
- The German Shepherd
- The Belgian Shepherd Malinois
- The Czech Wolfhound
- The Alaskan Malamute
- The Dobermann
1.The American Staffordshire Terrier, also known as “staff”
This strong and powerful dog can weigh more than 40 kilos. This breed has long been used for fighting, which makes it a potentially very dangerous dog, especially if its aggressive instincts are aroused (in the context of abuse for example). The temperament of this attack dog has been softened over the years, but it remains a dog that is more difficult to socialize than its brethren.
Its intelligence and docility make it very receptive to dog training. His calm temperament may be just right for a family with children, provided again that a respectful relationship is established with this robust canine.
2.The American Pitbull Terrier
The reputation of the Pitbull was made as early as the 19th century, when its main function was to fight bulls or bears in the arenas for death fights. Even now, the image of the killer dog still lingers in the collective imagination. In reality, even if he may be more inclined than others to be aggressive because of poor education, he is a jovial and dynamic dog.
Considered to be one of the dangerous dogs, the Pitbull has been banned in many countries, including France. If you wish to go against the legislation and adopt a Pitbull, you should know that it could cost you a fine of 7500 euros and up to six months in prison.
This molossoid-type dog is the most effective defense dog. It possesses extraordinary courage and its bite is of undisputed power. If you want a guardian for your house, he will excel in this role.
This dog also has a great sense of family and loves to learn. However, the dominant tendency of these dogs will have to be contained with the help of a rigid but gentle and fair education. Like the majority of dogs, if the Rottweiler is a victim of cruelty, his aggressive instincts can quickly resurface and in this case, it is best not to be around.
4.The Tibetan Mastiff
This giant dog, which can weigh up to 80 kilos, has long been used as a sheepdog by Tibetan nomads and as a guard dog in Tibetan monasteries. Now bred as a companion dog, the Mastiff has a calm and affectionate temperament. But his protective instincts quickly return when he senses a danger to his family.
Mastiffs belong to the category of attack dogs, which is covered by stricter legislation in France. But this large dog that does not like exercise can be a real pet with the right education.
5.The Tosa Inu
This imposing dog, originally from Japan, is still used today on his native island for fighting. The confrontations, however, are not as cruel as one might imagine. Indeed, the strict rules prevent any dramatic end.
The Tosa Inu’s reserved and serene temperament does not allow him to be considered as a truly aggressive dog, but if he perceives a danger to himself or one of the members of his household, he risks turning into an outstanding fighter.
6.The German Shepherd
The German Shepherd Dog is a former herding dog, then a war dog, and is still used mainly as a working dog, since it is now a police dog or even a guide dog. Their excellent guarding ability is due to their loyal and courageous temperament.
German Shepherd Dogs are very attached to their master and find it difficult to obey other family members, but they still have a real affection for children in particular. He is suspicious by nature, and the arrival of a new person or the discovery of new places will instantly put him on his guard. Once the area is secured by him, this big hairball will once again become the children’s favourite playmate.
7.The Belgian Shepherd Malinois
This medium-sized dog has many qualities. Very protective with those he loves, the Belgian Shepherd Malinois makes an excellent guard dog. They are also very often used by the police, as they are very obedient. He is capable of doing anything for his master. This dog can therefore be entrusted with search or attack missions of the utmost importance.
This guarding ability does not make one forget his joy of life and his sociability with other dogs and children. Its strong character, however, requires rigorous training. The owner of this type of dog will have to apply his instructions with an iron hand in a velvet glove .
8.The Czech Wolfhound
This wolf-headed dog was born from a cross between a German Shepherd and a Carpathian Wolfhound. His temperament is half dog, half wolf. It has the affectionate and receptive side of the dog, but also the wolf’s distrustful and reactive side.
His education must be taken care of quickly to prevent his animal instincts from being exercised. His fear of the unknown can make him an unpredictable dog.
9.The Alaskan Malamute
As its name suggests, the Malamute is native to Alaska. This sled dog has been replaced by the Siberian Huskies, faster. Having become a companion dog, the Malamute does not always have the character. A family with children is not recommended for this dog who struggles to bear the agitation despite a patient temperament.
Not very sociable with his fellow dogs, this robust guy needs a positive and firm education. Very sensitive to hierarchy, he can easily take over if he senses a weakness in the leader of the pack. The education will be long and certainly difficult, because this dog is not very obedient and prefers to make decisions by himself. You have been warned!
His reputation makes him a fierce beast. In fact, the Doberman is one of the gentlest dogs in the world. He’s deeply loving and unmatched in loyalty. Worried about strangers, he won’t be biting.
However, his loyal and distrustful nature will sometimes cause him to sense danger where there is none. It is therefore important to know how to frame him. Obedience will be a piece of cake with this being entirely devoted to his master.
Dogs of the first category
Attention, dogs of first and second category are subject to strict regulations in France.
The dogs of 1st category, considered as attack dogs, are :
All dogs of the Staffordshire terrier or American Staffordshire terrier type (dogs known as Pitbulls) without pedigree.
Mastiff type dogs without pedigree
Tosa type dogs without pedigree
Possession of first category dogs is forbidden in France. Are also prohibited the acquisition, the transfer free of charge or against payment, the import and introduction of 1st category dogs, under penalty of being exposed to penalties.
Second category dogs
The dogs of 2nd category, considered as guard and defense dogs, are :
All dogs of the American Staffordshire terrier breed with pedigree
Rottweilers and dogs without pedigree whose morphology is close to that of the Rottweiler breed.
Tosa breed dogs with pedigree
Owners of guard or defence dogs are required to obtain a licence. The latter is based on a behavioural evaluation of the dog and a certificate of aptitude of the owner.
Also note that these dogs are allowed in public places on condition that they are muzzled and leashed by an adult.